Honey & Bee

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What is honey?

    Flowers secrete a sweet liquid called nectar.  Bees  collect this nectar and carry it back to the hive,  where it is thickened into honey.  The color and flavor of honey depends on the nectar the bees use to make it.  During the hot summer months, bees store much more honey than they can use, and the beekeeper harvests this surplus.   Honey can be obtained in several forms.



    Beeswax has been highly prized since ancient times.  Honey bees, long regarded as models of industry and purity, make their wax from the nectar of flowers.  Pure beeswax candles with their delightful sweet fragrance burn longer, more cleanly and give off more light than other wax candles.

    Pure beeswax may develop a film called "bloom" which can easily be removed by buffing with a soft cloth.


Pollen is produced by flowers along with the nectar.  Honey bees gather it and bring it back to the hive in special baskets on their hind legs where it is stored until needed.  Pollen is the protein part of the honey bee diet. Pollen traps remove some of the pollen carried by the bee.  It is gathered each day. After it is dried out it is ready for human use.

Royal Jelly

Royal jelly is a white-milky secretion produced by glands in the worker honeybees to induce the superior growth and development of the queen bee.  Royal jelly is the principal food of the honeybee queen.

Because of their nutrition, queen bees differ from worker bees.  The queens are approximately twice the size, lay approximately 2000 eggs a day (female worker bees are infertile), and they live 3-5 years.

These differences have led to the assumption that ingestion of royal jelly will do as much for humans as it does for bees.  In many countries, royal jelly has been promoted widely as a medicine, health food and as a cosmetic.

Royal jelly has been studied for a variety of actions including antibiotic, antitumor, lowering blood pressure ,and regulating the immune system.  Clinical trials are lacking.



Honeybees collect resins from the buds of poplars, birches, pine treesand other trees.  After the resin is chewed by the honeybee with the addition of saliva, other substances are formed.  The finished product is called propolis (Sometimes called "bee Glue.").  Propolis is vital for the survival of bees.  Not only does it protect them against diseases, but also wind and cold.  They coat the entire inside of the hive with it.  It has antiseptic properties.